Some historical farmsteads



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Several farmsteads are known from the family history where Wybornys had lived or which they had managed as their stewards. Almost no traces of some of the farmsteads preserved up to now whereas certain remains of the other ones still exist.

Maps illustrate the landscape around some of the former farmsteads has changed substantially since the second half of 1700s. Outstanding historical maps even of high resolution (of the 1st military survey of Bohemia 1764-1768) are available since Jan 2004 on the server of http://oldmaps.geolab.cz/. Courtesy of:

1st Military Survey, Section No.145,146,163,164,198, Austrian State Archive/Military Archive, Vienna
Geoinformatics Laboratory, University of J.E.Purkyne - http://www.geolab.cz
Ministry of Environment of Czech Republic - http://www.env.cz

we can compare them to the present situation (modern maps courtesy http://mapy.quick.cz). Also detailed information collected in "The Vyborny Book" helps us to understand better the lifestyle of Vyborny ancestors at those localities.

Stone buildings are denoted by red color in the early military maps. Those built of wood are yellow-brown colored. Roads (brown - except of the most important so called "Emperor's roads" which are red), creeks and ponds (blue) are shown in the maps together with some other important objects (forests, bridges, crosses, water-mills, rows of trees, etc.).

At present the data regarding the following historical farmsteads have been collected:
The Jesuit farmstead at Pucher,
the farmstead at Umonin,
the Jesuit farmstead at Cerniny,
the Jesuit farmstead at Pabenice,
the farmstead at Strampouch,
the farmstead of Pelestrov.




The Jesuit farmstead at Pucher:

(Pukerz according to the early spelling):

Modern map of Pucher             Pucher surroundings before 1768  
Modern map of Pucher region.             Pucher surroundings before 1768
(resolution 100dpi).
 
                 
                 
The locality of Pucher             Detailed map of early Pucher  
The locality of Pucher
(high resolution). .
            Detailed map of early Pucher.  



No houses existed northern from the farmstead before 1768. Only 3 little buildings surrounded by some trees are shown eastern from the three ponds on the creek. More houses were located south-eastern from there behind the road crossing (with a chapel and a cross). They belonged to the village of Kluky yet. The largest building there was the chateau of Kluky.

 

IS of Pucher 1838       IS of Pucher 1838
The indication sketch of Pucher around 1838
(courtesy of Dr.Jan Masek).
      Detailed part of the sketch. Ground plan of the former famstead denoted by yellow.
Click on the picture to compare it to the non-modified map.

 

The former Jesuit farmstead was subdivided into smaller farms called familije during the Raab agricultural reforma in the 1780s. Enumeration of the farms was transferred to the house numbers later. The numbers are written both in the houses symbols and in the corresponding gardens (green) and fields (brown) in the sketch (click on to magnify it). The names of farmers are written in the field areas. The house Nr.7 belonged to Jiri(*1780) the son of Jan(*1747) around 1838 (he died in 1845). The red marked building perpendicular to the original No.7 was built after the Raab reforma, Jan(*1747) died there in 1826. The view of eastern part of this building is illustrated by the photograph (courtesy of Mr.Snizek Sr. - the higher house behind No.7 was built around the turn of century /1900/ and was the villa of Alois Vyborny the Mayor of District of Kutna Hora). The eastern part of building No.7 was removed in 1968 (see the present view of the house N.7).






The farmstead at Umonin:

(Aumonin = the early spelling):

Present map of Umonin surroundings             Umonin surroundings before 1768  
Present map of Umonin surroundings.             Umonin surroundings before 1768
(resolution 100dpi).
                 
                 
Umonin 1764-68             Detail of the Umonin map  
Umonin before 1768
(high resolution).
            Detail of the previous map. The former farmstead of Umonin is the red object on the N-E edge of this locality. The trapeziodal red object just to west from the farmstead is the chateau of Umonin.

Jan(*1747) Wyborny together with his brother Jiri(*1748) rented the farmstead at Umonin for twelve years (1791-1802, see "The Vyborny Book" pp.77 and 82, the acreage there was about 250 acres). They were prosperous both there and at their "familiant" farmsteads at Pucher. They did not prolong their farming at Umonin due to retirement, however (Jiri died 1804).

 

 

  Map of the region Umonin(SW) - Caslav(NE) before 1768 Map of the region Umonin(SW) - Caslav(NE) before 1768.
         



The Jesuit farmstead at Cerniny:

(Czerniny = the early spelling):

Present map of Cerniny region             Detail of present Cerniny  
Present map of the region of Cerniny.             Detail of present Cerniny.
                 
                 
Cerniny 1764-68             Detail of early Cerniny map  
Cerniny before 1768
(high resolution).
            Detail of the previous map. The former farmstead of Cerniny is the red object east from the main red road in the upper sheet of the combined map (see also below).

According to the parochial records of Zbraslavice the following children of Jan(*1747) Wyborny were born at Cerniny: Katerina(Jan, 1773), Vaclav(Oct, 1774), Anna(Mar, 1777). Jan Vyborny served the Cerniny's farmstead as a supervisor at that time.

 

 

  Surroundings of the farmstead of Cerniny before 1768 Surroundings of the farmstead of Cerniny before 1768.
         



The Jesuit farmstead at Pabenice:

(Babienitz = the early spelling):

Present map of Pabenice region             Detail of present Pabenice  
Present map of Pabenice region.             Detail of present Pabenice.
                 
                 
Pabenice 1764-68             Detail of the map of Pabenice  
Pabenice region before 1768.
            Detail of the previous map. The former farmstead of Pabenice is the red object in the lower sheet of the combined map near the center of its top (see also below).

Jan(*1811) Wyborny's greatgrandfather, Waclaw(*1717) Jr., and his greatgreatgrandfather, Waclaw(*1690) Sr., worked at the farmstead of Pabenice as field masters.

 

 

  Surroundings of the farmstead of Pabenice before 1768 Surroundings of the farmstead of Pabenice before 1768.
         



The farmstead at Strampouch:

(Chramboch = the spelling used in the early map):

Present map of Strampouch region             Detail of the present Strampouch  
Present map of the region of Strampouch.             Detail of present Strampouch.
                 
                 
Strampouch 1764-68             Detail of the map of Strampouch  
Strampouch surroundings before 1768.
            Detail of the previous map. The former farmsteads of Strampouch are the red colored objects (on the left).
                 
                 
Detail of the sheep-fold at Strampouch             Detail of the farmstead of Strampouch  
Detail of the sheep-fold at Strampouch.
            Detail of the farmstead of Strampouch.

  

Jan(*1747) Wejborny (the grandfather of Jan*1811) had served out at the farmstead of Strampouch to became a field master. This was the origin of his nickname "of Strampouch". Also his settlement at Pucher was later called "at Strampoussky's".

 




The farmstead of Pelestrov:

(Pelestrow = the early spelling)

Present map of Pelestrov locality             Vesely Zdar, Pelestrov, Roznak before 1768  
Present map of Pelestrov locality             The region of Vesely Zdar, Pelestrov and Roznak before 1768.
               
           
Pelestrov surroundings             The locality of Pelestrov farmstead  
Pelestrov surroundings.             The locality of Pelestrov farmstead.

After the mid 1700s, roads connected the landlord farmstead of Pelestrov to that of Kotlas (Gotlashofe in the right bottom corner of the map of Pelestrov and surroundings). Those roads no longer exist (see the present map above). One of the roads connected Gotlashofe (belonging to the town of Nemecky Brod) to the small watermill at Pelestrov (see the sign of watermill wheel on the creek just near to S-E corner of the farmstead). The second road continued east toward the small chapel and then between the pond and the northern side of the farmstead. The main ("Emperor's" - of special military transport importance) road is shown connecting Nemecky Brod (south from Gotlashofe) to Caslav (north from Roznak/Rosnak).
Prof. Carl Vyborny took part in interpreting the map during Jan 2004. Historical data courtesy Dr.Jiri Pavlicek.

 

    Pelestrov farmstead in detail The former Pelestrov farmstead in detail.
Jan(*1726) Vyborny has been the steward (manager) there before 1776. At least one other steward of the farmstead was known also as the Mayor of the nearby village of Vesely Zdar at the same time (this indicates the important status of the steward).
   
                         


The following pictures show the present view of the former farmstead of Pelestrov (courtesy Mrs. and Mr.Barta).
The barn there corresponds probably to the former western part of the farmstead. Even one small pond exists on the creek behind the barn (though rebuilt and somewhat moved from its former position), the other one was removed during 1900s.



      Present view of the locality of the former Pelestrov farm - 1     Present view of the locality of the former Pelestrov farm - 2

 





Contact: cv@vyborny.com


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Last updated: Jun 24, 2005